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Occupation description

Database administrators plan, develop, maintain, manage and administer organisations' database management systems, operating systems and security policies and procedures to ensure optimal database and system integrity, security, backup, reliability and performance.

The work of a database administrator varies according to the nature of the employing organisation and the level of responsibility associated with the post. The work may be pure maintenance or it may also involve specialising in database development. Because of the increasing levels of hacking and the sensitive nature of data stored, security and disaster recovery have become increasingly important aspects of the work.

Knowledge, skills and attributes

Database administrators require sound communication, teamwork and negotiation skills, must be organised, flexible and adaptable, able to problem-solve and have excellent analytical skills.  They need to be able to work to tight deadlines and cope with pressure. They need to be familiar with the main data manipulation languages and the principles of database design, and have an understanding of the business requirements of IT. They have to be willing to keep up-to-date with developments in new technology, and have a commitment to continuing professional development (CPD). An understanding of information legislation, such as the Data Protection Act, is highly regarded.             

Working conditions

Working hours typically include regular unsocial hours. Overnight and weekend work is often necessary as maintenance and development work needs to be undertaken during periods of low usage. They are often on call if a critical problem occurs.

Entrance requirements and ongoing training and development

Most occupations in this unit group have a level of skill commensurate with a bachelor degree or higher qualification. At least five years of relevant experience and/or relevant vendor certification may substitute for the formal qualification. In some instances, relevant experience and/or on-the-job training may be required in addition to the formal qualification. A database administrator is not an entry level role in NZ.

The value of a career in the rail industry

For even more details on what you might earn, the diversity of companies you could work for and the career opportunities available, visit the following careers and training websites. Careers in Rail by the Australasian Railway Association; About the Rail Industry by Rail Skills Australasia and Rail Training by the Transport and Logistics Industry Skills Council (TLISC).

For more information

Career paths

Your career may take many turns depending on what stage you are at in life and your personal circumstances. You may work with rail partners on large infrastructure projects. Once in the rail industry, to progress your career you will need to complete additional studies or authorisations depending on organisational and state requirements.

The information provided here is generic. Job titles and the experience and qualifications needed to move into other jobs may vary slightly from state to state depending on the structure and needs of your organisation, and government rules and regulations.

Related Jobs

The jobs below may require additional qualifications as well as experience.

Career Path Flowchart

Typical career path for a database administrator

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